Resources and Publications

To support and encourage trainers in incorporating critically appraising for antiracism into their teaching, resources are provided below.

Please contact for any further help or information.


Naicker, R., Nunan, D. Catalogue of bias: racial bias. BMJ Evidence-Based Medicine; Published Online First: 24 August 2023.

This article is based on the racial bias page in the Oxford Centre for Evidence Based Medicine Catalogue of Bias resource:

Catalogue of Bias Collaboration, Naicker R. and Nunan D. Racial Bias. In Catalogue of Bias. 2023.

Naicker, R. (2022). Critically appraising for antiracism. Education for Information; 38(4): 291-308.

This paper was published in the CRT Collective special edition of Education for Information. The issue launches from the challenges of white supremacy within LIS and the demonising of Critical Race Theory within our societies.


Naicker, R., Maden, M., Blenkinsopp, J. (2023). Introduction to equity considerations in critical appraisal. [Online tutorial]. Health Education England. Critically Appraising the Evidence Base   Available here 

Access for users outside of the UK: Click on the title. Select 'Play' next to Introduction to equity considerations in critical appraisal. Select 'Continue'

Cardiff University. (2023). Critically appraising for antiracism: recognising racial bias in research. [Online tutorial]. Available here

This module was co-created with Ramona Naicker and based on her work. Aimed at undergraduate 1st year medical students, this module introduces learners to recognising racial bias in research.

Resources for Trainers:

Critically Appraising for Antiracism. [Presentation] Ramona Naicker. 2023. Health Improvement Scotland

This session, presented to staff of Health Improvement Scotland, explores the identification of racial bias in published research, its effects on both internal and external validity, and the ethical considerations associated with it. 

Healthcare Improvement Scotland Workshop

Critically Appraising for Antiracism Presentation for Facilitators

Critically Appraising for Antiracism Ramona Naicker, 2022. [Google Slides].

Template slides for trainers to use and adapt when teaching Critically Appraising for Antiracism.

Please credit if using.

Trainer Guide: Critically Appraising for Antiracism. Ramona Naicker, 2022. [Google Document].

A guide for trainers undertaking Critically Appraising for Antiracism sessions.

Includes session objectives, preparing for the session, delivery, resources and recommended reading.

Trainer Guide: Critically Appraising for Antiracism